Flight Crew Guide

cockpit reference codex

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1. Horizontal Visibility Aspects

Horizontal Visibility Aspects Horizontal visibility is defined as the maximum distance up to which prominent objects on the earth’s surface can be seen and identified by day and prominent lighted objects of a given brightness, on the earth’s surface, can be seen by night. Horizontal visibility may be estimated by observing suitable objects or lights […]


Visibility Visibility and Visual Range Notwithstanding modern developments in ’All weather operations’, ’visibility’ and ’visual range’ remain factors of importance in aircraft operations. Source: FCRG

Rejected Take-Off

Rejected Take-Off 1. General DEFINITION: A take-off that is discontinued after take-off thrust is set and initiation of the take-off roll has begun. The Rejected Take-Off (RTO) is a maneuver performed during the take-off roll if the flight crew determines that the take-off should not be continued. Most RTOs (approximately 95%) are initiated at speeds […]


This post refers to our YouTube channel, with a collection of aviation industry training videos. Review these videos frequently. All copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Safe Operation of Simulators – 12’18” Airplane Derotation – 09’01” Airplane Upset Recovery – 24’55″ Approach and Landing Accident Reduction (ALAR) Tool Kit – 18’44” CFIT – […]

Training Aids

This section contains PDFs and links. The Daily ATPL – ATPL questions Online training courses – FAA Pilot Training – FAA Morse Code Practice – AA9PW JAA Training Organisation Civil Aviation Safety Authority – Multi-Crew Pilot Licence (MPL) Multi Crew Pilot License (MPL) Training – IATA Airplane Upset Recovery Training Aid PDF Airplane Upset Recovery […]

13. Exchange of communications Exchange of communications Communications shall be concise and unambiguous, using standard phraseology whenever available. Recommendation. Abbreviated procedures should only be used after initial contact has been established and where no confusion is likely to arise. Acknowledgement of receipt. The receiving operator shall make certain that the message has been received correctly […]

10. Calling Calling Radiotelephony call signs for aeronautical stations Note. The formation of call signs as specified in ITU Radio Regulations S19 Section III and Section VII. Aeronautical stations in the aeronautical mobile service shall be identified by: a) the name of the location; and b) the unit or service available. The unit […]

09. Composition of messages Composition of messages Messages handled entirely by the aeronautical mobile service shall comprise the following parts in the order stated: a) call indicating the addressee and the originator (see; b) text (see Note. The following examples illustrate the application of this procedure: (call) NEW YORK RADIO SWISSAIR ONE ONE ZERO (text) […]

08. Transmitting technique Transmitting technique PANS. Each written message should be read prior to commencement of transmission in order to eliminate unnecessary delays in communications. Transmissions shall be conducted concisely in a normal conversational tone. Note.See the language proficiency requirements in the Appendix to Annex 1. PANS. Speech transmitting technique should be such that […]

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