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13. Exchange of communications

Wikis > Communications > 13. Exchange of communications
5.2.1.9 Exchange of communications

5.2.1.9.1 Communications shall be concise and unambiguous, using standard phraseology whenever available.

5.2.1.9.1.1 Recommendation. Abbreviated procedures should only be used after initial contact has been established and where no confusion is likely to arise.

5.2.1.9.2 Acknowledgement of receipt. The receiving operator shall make certain that the message has been received correctly before acknowledging receipt.

    Note. Acknowledgement of receipt is not to be confused with acknowledgement of intercept in radiotelephony network operations.

5.2.1.9.2.1 When transmitted by an aircraft station, the acknowledgement of receipt of a message shall comprise the call sign of that aircraft.

5.2.1.9.2.2 PANS. An aircraft station should acknowledge receipt of important air traffic control messages or parts thereof by reading them back and terminating the readback by its radio call sign.

    Note 1. Air traffic control clearances, instructions and information requiring readback are specified in PANS-ATM (Doc 4444).
    Note 2. The following example illustrates the application of this procedure:
    (ATC clearance by network station to an aircraft)
    Station: TWA NINE SIX THREE MADRID
    Aircraft: MADRID TWA NINE SIX THREE — GO AHEAD
    Station: TWA NINE SIX THREE MADRID — ATC CLEARS TWA NINE SIX THREE TO DESCEND TO NINE THOUSAND FEET
    Aircraft (acknowledging): CLEARED TO DESCEND TO NINE THOUSAND FEET — TWA NINE SIX THREE
    Station (denoting accuracy of readback): MADRID

5.2.1.9.2.3 When acknowledgement of receipt is transmitted by an aeronautical station:
1) to an aircraft station: it shall comprise the call sign of the aircraft, followed if considered necessary by the call sign of the aeronautical station;
2) to another aeronautical station: it shall comprise the call sign of the aeronautical station that is acknowledging receipt.

5.2.1.9.2.3.1 PANS. An aeronautical station should acknowledge position reports and other flight progress reports by reading back the report and terminating the readback by its call sign, except that the readback procedure may be suspended temporarily whenever it will alleviate congestion on the communication channel.

5.2.1.9.2.4 PANS. It is permissible for verification for the receiving station to read back the message as an additional acknowledgement of receipt. In such instances, the station to which the information is read back should acknowledge the correctness of readback by transmitting its call sign.

5.2.1.9.2.5 PANS. If both position report and other information — such as weather reports — are received in the same message, the information should be acknowledged with the words such as “WEATHER RECEIVED” after the position report has been read back, except when intercept of the information is required by other network stations. Other messages should be acknowledged, the aeronautical station transmitting its call sign only.

5.2.1.9.3 End of conversation. A radiotelephone conversation shall be terminated by the receiving station using its own call sign.
5.2.1.9.4 Corrections and repetitions

5.2.1.9.4.1 When an error has been made in transmission, the word “CORRECTION” shall be spoken, the last correct group or phrase repeated, and then the correct version transmitted.

5.2.1.9.4.2 If a correction can best be made by repeating the entire message, the operator shall use the phrase “CORRECTION, I SAY AGAIN” before transmitting the message a second time.

5.2.1.9.4.3 Recommendation. When an operator transmitting a message considers that reception is likely to be difficult, he should transmit the important elements of the message twice.

5.2.1.9.4.4 If the receiving operator is in doubt as to the correctness of the message received, he shall request repetition either in full or in part.

5.2.1.9.4.5 If repetition of an entire message is required, the words “SAY AGAIN” shall be spoken. If repetition of a portion of a message is required, the operator shall state: “SAY AGAIN ALL BEFORE…(first word satisfactorily received)”; or “SAY AGAIN…(word before missing portion) TO…(word after missing portion)”; or “SAY AGAIN ALL AFTER…(last word satisfactorily received)”.

5.2.1.9.4.6 Recommendation. Specific items should be requested, as appropriate, such as “SAY AGAIN ALTIMETER”, “SAY AGAIN WIND”.

5.2.1.9.4.7 If, in checking the correctness of a readback, an operator notices incorrect items, he shall transmit the words “NEGATIVE I SAY AGAIN” at the conclusion of the readback followed by the correct version of the items concerned.

5.2.1.9.5 “Operations normal” reports

PANS. When “operations normal” reports are transmitted by aircraft, they should consist of the prescribed call followed by the words “OPERATIONS NORMAL”.

Source: ICAO Annex 10.2

 
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