Note. For the purposes of these provisions, the communication procedures applicable to the aeronautical mobile service, as appropriate, also apply to the aeronautical mobile satellite service.
5.1.1 In all communications the highest standard of discipline shall be observed at all times.
18.104.22.168 ICAO standardized phraseology shall be used in all situations for which it has been specified. Only when standardized phraseology cannot serve an intended transmission, plain language shall be used.
22.214.171.124 The transmission of messages, other than those specified in 5.1.8 (Test procedures), on aeronautical mobile frequencies when the aeronautical fixed services are able to serve the intended purpose, shall be avoided.
126.96.36.199 Recommendation. In all communications, the consequences of human performance which could affect the accurate reception and comprehension of messages should be taken into consideration.
|5.1.2 Where it is necessary for an aircraft station to send signals for testing or adjustment which are liable to interfere with the working of a neighbouring aeronautical station, the consent of the station shall be obtained before such signals are sent. Such transmissions shall be kept to a minimum.|
|5.1.3 When it is necessary for a station in the aeronautical mobile service to make test signals, either for the adjustment of a transmitter before making a call or for the adjustment of a receiver, such signals shall not continue for more than 10 seconds and shall be composed of spoken numerals (ONE, TWO, THREE, etc.) in radiotelephony, followed by the radio call sign of the station transmitting the test signals. Such transmissions shall be kept to a minimum.|
5.1.4 Except as otherwise provided, the responsibility of establishing communication shall rest with the station having traffic to transmit.
Note. In certain cases when SELCAL is used the procedures respecting the establishment of communications are contained in 5.2.4.
|5.1.5 Recommendation. After a call has been made to the aeronautical station, a period of at least 10 seconds should elapse before a second call is made. This should eliminate unnecessary transmissions while the aeronautical station is getting ready to reply to the initial call.|
|5.1.6 When an aeronautical station is called simultaneously by several aircraft stations, the aeronautical station shall decide the order in which aircraft shall communicate.|
|5.1.7 In communications between aircraft stations, the duration of communication shall be controlled by the aircraft station which is receiving, subject to the intervention of an aeronautical station. If such communications take place on an ATS frequency, prior permission of the aeronautical station shall be obtained. Such requests for permission are not required for brief exchanges.|
Source: ICAO Annex 10.2